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Doctors looking at a brain scan

What is a neurological condition?

Neurological conditions affect the brain, spinal cord and nerves. They can affect anyone at any age. One in six people in the UK lives with a neurological condition.

A neurological condition may often result in some degree of disability. People are likely to have to make big changes to their lifestyles due to the effect of the condition on their physical abilities and their sense of perception, memory, judgement and reasoning. They may become less independent and require more physical and emotional care and support in their daily lives. .

Neurological conditions can be caused by a variety of factors, including genes, the environment, bacterial or viral infections and traumatic injuries or accidents. It’s not always possible to tell what causes a neurological condition, although research is ongoing.

There are over 600 known neurological conditions and this number is increasing all the time as diagnosis improves. Doctors, researchers and clinicians sometimes find it helpful to group neurological conditions together into four main categories:

  • Sudden onset

  • Intermittent

  • Progressive

  • Stable with changing needs

Neurological conditions include:

  • Multiple sclerosis

  • Parkinson's disease

  • Motor neurone disease

  • Huntington's disease

  • Stroke

  • Dementia

  • Dystonia

  • Cerebral palsy

  • Epilepsy

  • Autism

  • Tourette's syndrome

  • Spinal conditions

  • ​​​Traumatic brain injury

  • Myalgic encephalomyelitis (ME)

Most of our member centres support a range of neurological conditions. Search our online centre directory to find out more information about which conditions they can help with and the type of therapies available.

Other support available

More information about specific conditions and other forms of support is available from the following organisations:

Link to Alzheimers Society website
Link to Dementia UK website
Link to MS Society website
Link to National Autistic Society website
Link to Action For ME website
Dystonia UK.png
Link to MS Trust website
Link to Parkinsons UK website
Link to The Brain Charity website
Link to ME Association website
Link to MS-UK website
Link to Stroke Association website
Link to Brain & Spine Foundation website
Link to Epilepsy Society website
Link to Motor Neurone Disease Association website
Link to Overcoming MS website
Link to Tourettes Action website
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